Fascinating History About Marijuana and Its Rapid Spread Around The World
A History of Marijuana
Low-potency psychedelic drugs have been well studied by tradition. The history of marijuana wiki states that the most ancient and popular variety of mild intoxicants is the well-known cannabis Sativa. Hemp seeds and drugs made from cannabis are found in excavations of Eurasian cultural layers more than three thousand years ago (in particular, in Siberia, snuff-boxes with grated plant inflorescence were found in the crypts of high-ranking mummified persons). A variety of cannabis has also been found in ancient Egyptian tombs from the third millennium BC.
This plant comes from Central Asia. It is believed that it was from here that hemp spread eastward to India and China. From India, cannabis migrated to North Africa and Spain, and from there it reached came to America through seafaring.
Eastern culture preserves the most archaic written records of the history of marijuana. Hash in ancient China was used as a pain reliever and was listed in the medicine of the Chinese emperor Shen Nong (2737 BC) as a cure for coughs and diarrhea. The testimony of Chinese doctors about the use of cannabis as a remedy for relieving rheumatic pains and gout dates back to the fifteenth century BC. In marijuana a history, it is known that a little later cannabis began to be used as a cure for nervous disorders
When Was Pot First Discovered?
We would answer a number of popular questions:
Who discovered weed? It was the Scythians, who used to hack down trees and use them to make fire. When burning a certain kind of tree, they sat around the fire, and got intoxicated from the smoke rising from that tree’s fruit. And the more of the fruit they threw into the fire, the stronger the intoxication was. .
When was weed made? According to Ernest Abel’s book Marijuana: The First Two Hundred Years (1980), The history of marijuana goes as far back as the Stone Age. Archaeologists from Taiwan have discovered pots believed to be made from cannabis plants. Therefore, if you ask “What is pot drug in the Stone Age?”, Then these were pots, not hand-rolled ones.
Who invented weed? The earliest evidence of the pharmacological use of cannabis by the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung and dates back to the early third century BC. Shen Nung was a Chinese mythical emperor and physician who possessed knowledge of the medicinal uses of cannabis plants. Cannabis was used during this period in China due to its sedative properties, and it was used to treat pain, diseases, ward off the influence of evil spirits, and for ceremonial and recreational purposes. Now you know who first discovered the weed and used it for pharmacological purposes.
Where Did Weed Come From?
Cannabis quickly spread from China to all neighboring Asian countries. It was especially popular in India, where it was used for religious purposes. The Arhartva Veda, one of the oldest and Indian written records of Hinduism, includes it among the five sacred plants. Through cultural and religious uses, the plant has been given protection and reverence.
In India, hemp has gained acceptance as a sacred herb. Hashish is mentioned in the ancient Indian epic: more than a hundred hymns of the Rig Veda (1500 BC) are devoted to the description of the properties of the famous hemp drink – indracarana (food of the gods), which replaced the legendary soma – a ritual hallucinogenic drug, the composition of which is still so far not known.
The history of marijuana and legends about its use can be found in many religions: in Shintoism (Japan), hemp was used to reunite married couples, exorcise evil spirits, and increase pleasure in marriage. In Hinduism – weed is a sacred plant, which Shiva ordered to bring from the Himalayas for pleasure and enlightenment of man”, in Buddhism hemp is widely used as food and for ritual purposes; followers of Zorathustra (5 – 6 centuries BC) practiced the religious and medical use of cannabis; Essenes (Ancient Egypt – 1st century BC), Islamic Sufis, Copts (the first Egyptian Christians) and many other religious communities were well aware of the properties of this plant.
According to the German ethnographer Hugo Obermeier, smoking hemp with pipes was known to the ancient Germans and Gallo-Romans in the first century BC. NS. Apparently, behind the official European history about marijuana lies a deeply esoteric and medical tradition, the connection with which was lost during the “witch hunt”. An interesting fact is that for the first time hemp (the oldest and very widespread plant) was introduced into the classification only in 1753 (K. Linnaeus), another variety was described by Lamarck in 1783.
Since the Middle Ages, the relationship of Western men with cannabis has changed several times. It became the subject of moral speculation, and then was connected to issues of economics. While the church persecuted hemp-using Europeans, the Spanish conquerors cultivated it all over the globe for the production of sails, ropes, clothing, and other uses that sailors kept silent about with a sly smile. Whole cannabis fields were often found near western port cities, as cannabis fibers are the strongest and most water-resistant. Of course, the harvesters, producers, and seafarers were well aware of what is bud drug and its psychoactive properties.
In 1839, the English physician W. Shaughnessy, a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, published a paper on the successful use of cannabis as an analgesic in the treatment of rheumatism, seizures and convulsions. History of medical marijuanas says that at the same time in Europe and America, the official medical use of cannabis spread: an infusion of leaves and inflorescence served as an antispasmodic and hypnotic, and light hemp oil was used to relieve inflammation.
Marijuana in France
As you know, in the second half of the 19th century in Paris on the banks of the Seine, the “Hashish Club” was located – a small society of writers and artists who were fond of exotic potions. The members of this club met regularly and consumed hashish in quantities that today can be estimated as very large. Thanks to them, hashish became widely known in the European cultural tradition. It should be noted that these people, being admirers of the psychoactive properties of cultivated cannabis, did not consider it a promising tradition. Only in the 20th century, a wide and often unpredictable spectrum of manifestations of the human unconscious was substantiated in the works of Z. Freud, C.G. Jung, A. Adler, W. Reich, O. Rank, A. Maslow, S. Grof, and other famous scientists.
History of Marijuana in the USA
The reliable history of marijuana on the American continent dates back to the 14th century, when the Spanish brought “weed” to Peru and Chile, although some researchers suggest that this plant was known to the indigenous people of the New World long before the European invasion. Since 1611, hemp has been cultivated in Virginia. The textile and medicinal properties of cannabis were well known to the first American presidents (the government paid subsidies to cannabis farmers). In 1857, the American writer F. Ludlow describes a personal experience after taking a tincture of Indian hemp, confirming the sacred power of this plant and denying that weed is a drug.
Between 1840 and 1900, more than one hundred works were published in the Western medical literature on the medicinal properties of cannabis. Until 1937, hemp was prescribed as the primary drug for the treatment of more than 100 different diseases in the American Pharmacopoeia for asthma, migraines, herpes, arthritis, rheumatic pains, dysentery, insomnia, and various neurological disorders.
In the early 20th century, weed smoking in the United States was prevalent mainly among Mexican hired workers. The well-known name of marijuana originates from them. By that time, in South America and the Caribbean, this tradition had been known for half a century. It wasn’t until the Prohibition period of 1920 that there was massive interest in cannabis among white Americans. However, as the policy of states in relation to opiates and cocaine was determined, this plant more often came under close supervision of the authorities, and only because of its well-known medicinal properties, cannabis remained legal.
In 1937, marijuana gained its definition as a violent drug in 47 US states, which subsequently banned it. This was largely due to a certain Harry Anslinger (1893 – 1975), then head of the state Bureau of Narcotics. He organized a campaign against smoking marijuana: blacks and Mexicans, according to Anslinger, along with this habit “spread violence among young Americans.” However, hemp medicines were still in use, and marijuana cigarettes were available by prescription from pharmacies (for smoking for asthma). In 1941, cannabis preparations were dropped from the US Pharmacopoeia. After World War II, in 1948, the same Anslinjsr led an active controversy with doctors and the public about the continuation of the ban on cannabis, trying to prove that this is the most dangerous pot drug that can be used by the communists to turn American soldiers into pacifists.
Since the fifties, thanks to the lively interest in hallucinogens, the popularity of marijuana in the West began to skyrocket. In the late sixties, marijuana smoking became widespread in the United States: cannabis became a kind of symbol of the youth movement. Many saw this not only as a demonstrative rejection of the generally accepted alcoholic tradition, but also as an important step towards improving the morale in society. However, the pot definition as one of the violent drugs kept it illegal. Some famous people went to prisons in the 60s and 70s for “possession or transportation of drugs”, as “weed” was very popular, and it was not difficult for the police to find it.
Statistical surveys in 1972 showed that more than half of American university students have tried “weed” at least once, about 30% have consumed it several times a week, and about 5% have smoked it daily for more than three years. In February 1976, a special annual report to the US Congress cited data according to which more than half of all Americans between the ages of 18 and 25 have tried marijuana at least once.The authors of the blog tried to outline the sequence of the spread of marijuana around the world and tell you about its use in different cultures, exposing the history of marijuana. We hope that you have learned new pot information for yourself and would be able to surprise friends and acquaintances with the knowledge about when was weed first discovered.
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The content on this channel does not form a professional opinion, recommendation, substitute for consulting a specialist, or receiving medical advice. Cannabis is a dangerous drug, as defined in the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance, for all that assumes. Four Hundred and Twenty does not encourage or recommend consuming any substance and will not be responsible for any such use.
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